Last Wednesday me and my classmate Allie made a video to educate the general public on some common misconceptions about vaccines and routes of administration of them and other medications. We used each of our experience in the veterinary industry to provide you with this information. Watch:
In the video we talk about giving injection subcutaneously. There are several ways medicine can be administered to an animal; orally, nasal, intravenous (IV), subcutaneous (SQ), and intramuscular (IM). Generally when people think of an injection being given they assume it is IV or IM, since that is usually how humans are given medication if it is in shot form.
In the agricultural world producers generally chose not to give injections IM because they don’t want anything, like a needle, to change the outlook of that beautiful steak. Therefore, they chose the route of a SQ injection. As stated in the video a SQ injection is given under the skin, so it doesn’t protrude the muscle (or meat) at all.
Another common route of administering medication is orally. When a medication is administered orally it is absorbed through the digestive tract. Once again, posing no harm to the meat.
Vaccines and other medications such as antibiotics are critical to agriculture. There has been a recent buzz about the misuse of antibiotics in agriculture. Vaccines can greatly prevent the use of antibiotics by preventing disease altogether. However, vaccine don’t prevent every illness. In this situation (depending on the illness) the use of antibiotics is utilized by producers and veterinarians to combat the disease. This is essential to maintaining a humane environment. Choosing to not treat a sick animal is inhumane and could lead to that disease leaking into the food source. This is why in agriculture we chose to utilize the use of vaccines and antibiotics!